Importance of Parental Involvement
When Both Parents Are Actively Involved:
A father-child interaction has been shown to promote a child's physical well-being, perceptual abilities, and competency for relatedness with others, even at a young age. (Source: Krampe, E. M. and P.D. Fairweather. "Father Presence and Family Formation: A theoretical Reformation." Journal of Family Issues 14.4 (December 1993): 572-591).
When both parents are involved in the child's education e.g., attending school meetings, parent-teacher conferences, volunteering at school, class events, there is a higher likelihood that the child will receive high grades and enjoy school and reduce the likelihood that a grade will be repeated. (Source: Nord, C.W., Brimhall, D. & West, J. Fathers Involvement in Schools, 1997, U.S. Department of Education in "What Do Fathers Contribute to Children's Well Being" Child Trends Research Brief).
Both parents supporting the child financially reduce risk factors associated with poverty. Poverty levels are reduced when both parents are present: single parent families have a poverty rate of 46% while two parent families have a rate of approximately 10%. (Source: Map and Track: State Initiatives to Encourage Responsible Fatherhood, 1999 Edition, National Center for Children in Poverty).
Fatherless or Single Parent Homes:
Fatherless children are twice as likely to drop out of school. 71% of all high school dropouts come from fatherless homes. (Sources: US Dept. of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics. Survey on Child Health. Washington, DC, 1993. Institute for Responsible Fatherhood and Family Revitalization, quoting from a recent study by Men Against Domestic Violence).
Fatherless children are at a dramatically greater risk of drug and alcohol abuse. 75% of all adolescents in chemical abuse centers come from fatherless homes. (Source: US Dept. of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics. Survey on Child Health. Washington, DC, 1993).
Children in single-parent families are more likely to get pregnant as teenagers than their peers who grow up with two parents. (Source: US Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. "National Health Interview Survey." Hyattsville, MD, 1988).
Three out of four teenage suicides (75%) occur in households where a parent has been absent. 90% of all homeless and runaway children are from fatherless homes. (Sources: Elshtain, Jean Bethke, "Family Matters: The Plight of America's Children." The Christian Century, July 1993. Institute for Responsible Fatherhood and Family Revitalization, quoting from a recent study by Men Against Domestic Violence).